Archive for category CINF

Investigating Impact Metrics for Performance for the US-EPA National Center for Computational Toxicology

This presentation was presented at the American Chemical Society in Philadelphia in August 2016

DAY & TIME OF PRESENTATION: Sunday, August, 21, 2016 from 4:10 PM – 4:30 PM
ROOM & LOCATION: Room 112B – Pennsylvania Convention Center

Title: Investigating Impact Metrics for Performance for the US-EPA National Center for Computational Toxicology

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Computational Toxicology Program integrates advances in biology, chemistry, and computer science to help prioritize chemicals for further research based on potential human health risks. This work involves computational and data driven approaches that integrate chemistry, exposure and biological data. We have delivered public access to terabytes of open data, as well to a large number of publicly accessible databases and applications, to support the research efforts for a large community of scientists. Many of our contributions to science are summarily described in research papers but  to date we have not optimized our contributions to  inform altmetrics statistics associated with our work. Critically missing from altmetrics is access to our numerous software applications and web service accesses, as well as the growing importance of our experimental data and models (e.g ToxCast, ExpoCast, DSSTox and others) to the scientific and regulatory communities.  This presentation will provide an overview of our efforts to more fully understand, and quantify, our impact on the environmental sciences using a combination of our measurement approaches and available altmetrics tools. This abstract does not reflect U.S. EPA policy.

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Our dire need to mandate data standards and expectations for scientific publishing

This is a presentation that I delivered at the ACS Division of Chemical Information meeting regarding “Reproducibility, Reporting, Sharing & Plagiarism” at ACS Denver on 23rd March 2015.

I took the opportunity to remove my hat that has me be the VP of Strategic Development at RSC, and a member of the cheminformatics group that built ChemSpider and works on other RSC projects related to it. Instead I presented on how a LACK OF MANDATES from publishers on me in terms of submission of data accompanying articles I am involved with writing is actually weakening my scientific record as data is not getting shared in the most useful forms possible to the benefit of the community. I think there would be benefits for publishers to start pushing me for MORE data, in fairly general standards, and allowing me (and others) to download the data in the form of molecules (and collections), spectral data, CSV files etc.

 

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Using an online database of chemical compounds for the purpose of structure identification #ACSsanfran

Using an online database of chemical compounds for the purpose of structure identification

Online databases can be used for the purposes of structure identification. The Royal Society of Chemistry provides access to an online database containing tens of millions of compounds and this has been shown to be a very effective platform for the development of tools for structure identification. Since in many cases an unknown to an investigator is known in the chemical literature or reference database, these “known unknowns” are commonly available now on aggregated internet resources. The identification of these types of compounds in commercial, environmental, forensic, and natural product samples can be identified by searching against these large aggregated databases querying by either elemental composition or monoisotopic mass. Searching by elemental composition is the preferred approach as it is often difficult to determine a unique elemental composition for compounds with molecular weights greater than 600 Da. In these cases, searching by the monoisotopic mass is advantageous. In either case, the search results can be refined by appropriate filtering to identify the compounds. We will report on integrated filtering and search approaches on our aggregated compound database for the purpose of structure identification and review our progress in using the platform for natural product dereplication purposes.

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Accessing 3D Printable Chemical Structures Online at #ACSsanfran

This presentation was given by Vincent Scalfani and covers the work we have done to provide access to 3D printable chemical structures online…

Accessing 3D Printable Chemical Structures Online

We have been exploring routes to create 3D printable chemical structure files (.WRL and .STL). These digital 3D files can be generated directly from crystallographic information files (.CIF) using a variety of software packages such as Jmol. After proper conversion to the .STL (or .WRL) file format, the chemical structures can be fabricated into tangible plastic models using 3D printers. This technique can theoretically be used for any molecular or solid structure. Researchers and educators are no longer limited to building models via traditional piecewise plastic model kits. As such, 3D printed molecular models have tremendous value for teaching and research. As the number of available 3D printable structures continues to grow, there is a need for a robust chemical database to store these files. This presentation will discuss our efforts to incorporate 3D printable chemical structures within the Royal Society of Chemistry’s online compound database.

 

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Dealing with the Complex Challenge of Managing Diverse Chemistry Data Online to Enable Chemistry Across the World #ACSsanfran

This is my third presentation today at the ACS meeting in San Francisco on 11th August 2014

Dealing with the Complex Challenge of Managing Diverse Chemistry Data Online to Enable Chemistry Across the World

The Royal Society of Chemistry has provided access to data associated with millions of chemical compounds via our ChemSpider database for over 5 years. During this period the richness and complexity of the data has continued to expand dramatically and the original vision for providing an integrated hub for structure-centric data has been delivered across the world to hundreds of thousands of users. With an intention of expanding the reach to cover more diverse aspects of chemistry-related data including compounds, reactions and analytical data, to name just a few data-types, we are in the process of implementing a new architecture to build a Chemistry Data Repository. The data repository will manage the challenges of associated metadata, the various levels of required security (private, shared and public) and exposing the data as appropriate using semantic web technologies. Ultimately this platform will become the host for all chemicals, reactions and analytical data contained within RSC publications and specifically supplementary information. This presentation will report on how our efforts to manage chemistry related data has impacted chemists and projects across the world and will review specifically our contributions to projects involving natural products for collaborators in Brazil and China, for the Open Source Drug Discovery project in India, and our collaborations with scientists in Russia.

 

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Encouraging students to start publishing early in their career #ACSsanfran

My second talk of three on August 11th 2014 at the ACS Meeting in San Francisco.

Encouraging students to start publishing early in their career

Many students spend enormous amounts of their time engaged with their computers, accepting of course that mobile devices are simply computers of a different form factor. Engaged with the social networks, utilizing computer platforms to source and share content of various forms, their contributions of “data” into what is the cloud, and in many cases a void, is enormous. What community and career benefit might result from those students spending some of their time contributing chemistry related data to the world? What challenges lie in the way of their participation and how might participating have a positive, or negative impact on their future career. The Royal Society of Chemistry hosts a number of chemistry data platforms to which students can actively contribute and for which their participation can be measured. Moreover the RSC’s micropublishing platform allows chemists to learn how to write up their scientific work, obtain review from their peers and chemistry professors in a non-threatening environment and produce an online published work in less than day that is both citable and available as a shared resource for the community. This presentation will demonstrate how to participate and encourage engagement from students early in their education. There are no longer any technology barriers to the sharing of the majority of chemistry related data.

 

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Data enhancing the Royal Society of Chemistry publication archive

This is a presentation I gave at the ACS Dallas meeting on March 19th 2014

Data enhancing the Royal Society of Chemistry publication archive

The Royal Society of Chemistry has an archive of hundreds of thousands of published articles containing various types of chemistry related data – compounds, reactions, property data, spectral data etc. RSC has a vision of extracting as much of these data as possible and providing access via ChemSpider and its related projects. To this end we have applied a combination of text-mining extraction, image conversion and chemical validation and standardization approaches. The outcome of this project will result in new chemistry related data being added to our chemical and reaction databases and in the ability to more tightly couple web-based versions of the articles with these extracted data. The ability to search across the archive will be enhanced as a result. This presentation will report on our progress in this data extraction project and discuss how we will ultimately use similar approaches in our publishing pipeline to enhance article markup for new publications.

 

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The UK National Chemical Database Service as an integration of commercial and public chemistry services to support chemists in the United Kingdom

This is a presentation I gave at the ACS National Meeting in Dallas on Wednesday 19th March 2014

The UK National Chemical Database Service – an integration of commercial and public chemistry services to support chemists in the United Kingdom

At a time when the data explosion has simply been redefined as “Big”, the hurdles associated with building a subject-specific data repository for chemistry are daunting. Combining a multitude of non-standard data formats for chemicals, related properties, reactions, spectra etc., together with the confusion of licensing and embargoing, and providing for data exchange and integration with services and platforms external to the repository, the challenge is significant. This all at a time when semantic technologies are touted as the fundamental technology to enhance integration and discoverability. Funding agencies are demanding change, especially a change towards access to open data to parallel their expectations around Open Access publishing. The Royal Society of Chemistry has been funded by the Engineering and Physical Science Research of the UK to deliver a “chemical database service” for UK scientists. This presentation will provide an overview of the challenges associated with this project and our progress in delivering a chemistry repository capable of handling the complex data types associated with chemistry. The benefits of such a repository in terms of providing data to develop prediction models to further enable scientific discovery will be discussed and the potential impact on the future of scientific publishing will also be examined.

 

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Royal Society of Chemistry Activities to Develop a Data Repository for Chemistry-Specific Data

This is a presentation I have at the ACS Meeting in Dallas, Texas on March 17th 2014

Royal Society of Chemistry Activities to Develop a Data Repository for Chemistry-Specific Data 

In recent years the Royal Society of Chemistry has become known for our development of freely accessible data platforms including ChemSpider, ChemSpider Reactions and our new chemistry data repository. In order to support drug discovery RSC participates in a number of projects including the Open PHACTS semantic web project, the PharmaSea natural products discovery project and the Open Source Drug Discovery project in collaboration with a team in India. Our most recent developments include extending our efforts to support neglected diseases by the provision of high quality datasets resulting from our curation efforts to support modeling, the delivery of enhanced application programming interfaces to allow open source drug discovery teams to both source and deposit data from our chemistry databases and the provision of a micropublishing platform to report on various aspects of work supporting neglected disease drug discovery. This presentation will review our existing efforts and our plans for extended development.

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Ontology work at the Royal Society of Chemistry #ACSDallas

This is a presentation at I gave at the ACS Spring meeting in Dallas, Texas on March 17th 2014

Ontology work at the Royal Society of Chemistry

We provide an overview of the use we make of ontologies at the Royal Society of Chemistry.  Our engagement with the ontology community began in 2006 with preparations for Project Prospect, which used ChEBI and other Open Biomedical Ontologies to mark up journal articles. Subsequently Project Prospect has evolved into DERA (Digitally Enhancing the RSC Archive) and we have developed further ontologies for text markup, covering analytical methods and name reactions. Most recently we have been contributing to CHEMINF, an open-source cheminformatics ontology, as part of our work on disseminating calculated physicochemical properties of molecules via the Open PHACTS. We show how we represent these properties and how it can serve as a template for disseminating different sorts of chemical information.

 

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